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Mohammad Razib Hossain
Akhtaruzzaman Khan
Mushfeka Ahmed
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Akhtaruzzaman Khan
Mushfeka Ahmed
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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Impact of agro-ecosystem on risk management in agriculture in some selected areas of Bangladesh

Md. Razib Hossain*, Md. Akhtaruzzaman Khan, Mushfeka Ahmed

*Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Finance and Cooperatives, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh.

Professor, Department of Agricultural Finance, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

M.S in Agricultural Finance, Department of Agricultural Finance, Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Accepted 25 June, 2016

Citation: Hossain R, Khan A, Ahmed M (2016). Impact of Agro-ecosystem on Risk Management in Agriculture in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 3(1): 085-090.

Copyright: © 2016 Hossain et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

This definite study was conducted based on the relationship of agro-ecosystem and the income level to judge the risk in farming among the respondents in the study areas. The reason for the study was to clarify the farmers about the risks and uncertainties in farming. Three Upazilas namely Gouripur, Ishwarganj and Haluaghat from Mymensingh district were selected with a view to analyzing the changes of biodiversity and its impact on income diversification. Several indexes like Shannon, richness, evenness, dominance and income diversity index were calculated for the plants, animals etc. to measure the changes among these species and its contribution on income level. The study was conducted in 2014 and the mean income index was found highest (2.15) in Ishwarganj which means the respondents were earning from more than two sources that helped them to reduce risk in farming. Most of the respondents in Ishwarganj were involved in tree plantation, animal rearing, vegetables cultivation or business that lead the highest richness indexes (2.68) and (0.61) in plant and animal rearing than other two areas. The dominance indexes were also found lowest (0.40) and (0.30) respectively that lead to the diversification of enterprises.

Keywords: Agro-ecosystem, risk management, diversification, biodiversity, uncertainties