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Aviral Pandey
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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Food security in India and States: key challenges and policy option

Aviral Pandey

Accepted 20 April, 2015

Citation: Pandey A (2015). Food security in India and States: Key challenges and policy option. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(1): 012-021.

Copyright: © 2015. Pandey A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited. 


Condition of food security in India is gloomy and is similar to African countries. Both the supply side and demand side factors have their roles in the present condition of food security and undernourishment in India. This study supports that if agriculture production grows; increasing food prices has less bearing on low food security. Problem of food security in India is very much related to low demand. If demand of people can be improved, food security can be achieved. Disaggregated trend of food security shows that problem of food insecurity is high in poor states. Considering disaggregated level of food security, government has passed Food Security Bill in India. Our analysis points out that food security cannot be achieved in India without improving the level of overall agriculture production. Improving agricultural production is essential for ensuring long term food security and promoting poverty reduction. State level condition of storage capacity of food grains also points out that how a state like Bihar with low storage facility will manage to implement this Bill. Without identifying role of market, success of Food Security Bill and reduction of poverty is distant dream.

Keywords: Agriculture production, food security, India, poor states, poverty.