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A. M. Al-Abdulkader
Sobhy M. Ismaiel
Safar H. Al-Kahtani
Ali I. Saad
Yosef A. Al Amri
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A. M. Al-Abdulkader
Sobhy M. Ismaiel
Safar H. Al-Kahtani
Ali I. Saad
Yosef A. Al Amri
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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Marketing cost structure of dates in Saudi Arabia: an analytical perspective

Sobhy M. Ismaiel, Ahmed M. Al-Abdulkader*, Safar H. Al-Kahtani, Ali I. Saad, Yosef A. AlAmri

King Saud University, College of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agriculture Economics, Riyadh-Saudi Arabia

King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation, Riyadh-Saudi Arabia

Accepted 14 July, 2016.

Citation: Ismaiel SM, Al-Abdulkader AM, Al-Kahtani SH, Saad AI, Al Amri YA (2016). Marketing cost structure of dates in Saudi Arabia: an analytical perspective. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 3(2): 122-129.

Copyright: © 2016 Ismaiel et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Saudi Arabia is among the leading nations worldwide in date production and market share. This study aims to quantify date marketing cost structure in Saudi Arabia and to identify factors causing variations among cost items using descriptive statistical analysis, ultimately, enhancing the comparative advantage of the Saudi dates in the world market. The study relied on primary data collected randomly from major date market regions in Saudi Arabia, namely, Al-Madinah Al-Munawara, Riyadh, Al-Qassim, and Al-Hasa. Results showed that average date retailing cost was almost double that of date wholesaling cost (SR 8597/ton and 4236/ton, respectively). In general terms, labor costs and storage costs were the major items among date marketing costs. They represented about 44.5% and 31.4% of the average marketing cost, respectively. Results showed, also, some significant variations among average date marketing cost items due to type of marketing channels, regional factor, educational level of date dealers/managers, level of specialty in date merchandizing, and types of other activities carried out by date dealers beside date marketing activity. The study concluded by pointing out the potential to reduce average date marketing cost in Saudi Arabia, ultimately, the potential to enhance the comparative advantage of Saudi dates in the world market.

Keywords: Cost variations, date marketing, marketing facilities, marketing services, comparative advantage