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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Effect of climate change on maize production in Nigeria

Obasi IO and Uwanekwu GA

Department of Agricultural Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.

Accepted 07 April, 2015

Citation: Obasi IO, Uwanekwu GA (2015). Livestock Policies and its Impact on India and Bihar, State. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(1): 022-025.

Copyright: © 2015. Obasi IO and Uwanekwu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.      

Abstract

The study was conducted in Nigeria. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of climate change on maize. The data for the study was obtained from secondary sources. The result shows that the average rainfall and temperature statistics were 1288.311mm and 31.7173oC in Nigeria within the period under study. The average maize output within the period was 4.84mt while hectarage and yield were 3.36mha and 1.44t/ha respectively. The result from the study equally shows that the area cultivated and productivity of maize increased as temperature and rainfall increased. However, there were deceleration of output and area of maize cultivated which may have been induced by the increase in temperature and rainfall over these period. Maize productivity accelerated. The climate change variables show significant effect on maize production with the period under review. Based on findings from the study, it is recommended that since temperature and rainfall are relatively beyond the control of farmers, there should be proper enlightenment of the farmers on the proper climate adaptation practices to employ in order to minimize the adverse effects of climate change on their output.

Key words: Climate change, rainfall, temperature, maize, output, productivity.