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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development
Livestock Policies and its Impact on India and Bihar, State
Accepted 07 January, 2015
Citation: Pandey A (2015). Livestock Policies and its Impact on India and Bihar, State. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 1(1): 002-011.
Copyright: © 2015. Pandey A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
In an economy like Bihar, dependence of population on livestock as an alternative source of income is significant. Acceleration in the availability of livestock to marginal and small farmers can offer significant opportunities for household income augmentation and employment generation in Bihar. In this context, an analysis of performance of livestock sector in Bihar has been carried out. The growth of livestock sector has been found slower in the Bihar than at the national level. The share of Bihar in India's livestock sector income has not changed significantly. Besides, low milk productivity, decline in the Bihar’s share in India's egg and meat sector income is a major factor responsible for insignificant changes in livestock sector of Bihar. Several demand and supply side factors have been identified for the above trends. Availability of health infrastructure, grazing land and immunisation are significantly affecting livestock across the districts of Bihar. The study has also shown policy initiatives for the improvement of livestock sector resources and outcomes of Bihar.
Key words: Bihar, grazing land, livestock, meat yield, milk production, policy