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Fekede Gemechu Tolera*
Gosa Alemu Gebermedin
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Gosa Alemu Gebermedin
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Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development

Opportunities and constraints of coffee production in West Hararghe, Ethiopia

Fekede Gemechu Tolera1* and Gosa Alemu Gebermedin2

1*,2 Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Mechara Agricultural Research Center P.O. Box 19 Mechara, Ethiopia.

Accepted 05 November, 2015

Citation: Tolera FG, Gebermedin GA (2015). Opportunities and constraints of coffee production in West Hararghe, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(4): 054-059.

 

Copyright: © 2015 Tolera and Gebermedin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited. 

Abstract

Assessing factors influencing coffee production and productivity was used to develop appropriate technology for improvement and inform policy makers to understand gap concerning the commodity. Therefore, this study was designed to assess constraints and opportunities of coffee production in West Hararghe Zone. It employed multi-stage sampling procedure. In the first stage, Daro Lebu, Habro and Boke districts were selected purposively based on coffee production potential from the zone.  In the second stage, a total of seven kebeles and 170 households were randomly selected. Household questionnaires were employed to collect primary data and analyzed by using descriptive statistics. The study revealed diseases, pest, poor access to market information, lack of physical infrastructure, lack of improved coffee variety and weak extensions services were major constraints of coffee production and productivity. On the other hand, high quality of Harar coffee, high demand of Hararghe coffee on world market, construction of rural road, availability of mobile phone, good indigenous knowledge were major opportunities for coffee producers in the area. Therefore, findings of study indicated that development of disease resistance coffee variety, assessment of farmers` indigenous knowledge, providing extension service and enhancing infrastructural and institution facilities need emphasis to improve coffee production and productivity.   

Key words:  Coffee landrace, farmers` indigenous knowledge, coffee disease, market access.