Assessment of Indigenous Knowledge of Smallholder Farmers on Intercropping Practices in West Hararghe Zone; Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia
Jima Degaga and Birhanu Angasu
Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box, Mechara, Ethiopia
Accepted 19 October 2017
Citation: Degaga J and Angasu B (2017). Assessment of Indigenous Knowledge of Smallholder Farmers on Intercropping Practices in West Hararghe Zone; Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 3(3): 270-278.
Copyright: © 2017 Degaga and Angasu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
The study was conducted in three districts of West Hararghe Zone namely; Gemechis, Habro and Mieso districts. The objectives of the survey were: to identify and document indigenous knowledge of farmers towards intercropping, and identify constraints and opportunities of intercropping in the study area. A multi-stage sampling technique was used for the study. Total sample size of 149 households was interviewed and generated both qualitative and quantitative data. Focus Group Discussions were also formed and generated qualitative data. Descriptive statistics and an index score were used to analyze data. Majorly intercropped crops were Maize with Haricot Bean followed by Sorghum with Haricot Bean. The study indicated that drought, lack of knowledge about fertility management and lack of improved technology of intercropped crops were major constraints of intercropping legumes with other crops in the study area. However, declining of land holding size as a result of rise in population and early maturity of legume cops were major opportunities of intercropping in the study area. The study indicated that any research conducted on any intercropping practice in the area should incorporate farmers practice such as times of sowing and types of intercropped crops on intercropping trial, and awareness on soil fertility improvement should be promoted.
Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Simultaneously, Double intercropping, Drought, Grain yield reduction