Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of Sub-Saharan Africa: A Study of 70 Juvenile Delinquents in the Eritrean Capital, Asmara

Dr. Yemane Desta    (PhD)

Department of Public Administration, College of Business and Social Sciences, University of Asmara, P.O.BOX 1220, Asmara, Eritrea

Email: yemane008@gmail.com   Telephone Number:   291-7645753

Accepted 9 November 2020

Citation: Yemane D. (PhD) (2021). Causes, Consequences and Remedies of Juvenile Delinquency in the Context of Sub-Saharan Africa:  A Study of 70 Juvenile Delinquents in the Eritrean Capital, Asmara. International Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research, 5(2): 091-110.

Copyright: © 2021: Yemane D. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited

This research work was designed to examine nature of juvenile offences committed by juveniles, causes of juvenile delinquency, consequences of juvenile delinquency and remedies for juvenile delinquency in the context of Sub-Saharan Africa with specific reference to Eritrea. Left unchecked, juvenile delinquents on the streets engage in petty theft, take alcohol or drugs, rape women, rob people at night involve themselves in criminal gangs and threaten the public at night. To shed light on the problem of juvenile delinquency in the Sub-Saharan region data was collected through primary and secondary sources.  A sample size of 70 juvenile delinquents was selected from among 112 juvenile delinquents in remand at the Asmara Juvenile Rehabilitation Center in the Eritrean capital. The study was carried out through coded self-administered questionnaires administered to a sample of 70 juvenile delinquents. The survey evidence indicates that the majority of the juvenile respondents come either from families constructed by unmarried couples or separated or divorced parents where largely the father is missing in the home or dead. The findings also indicate that children born out of wedlock, families led by single mothers, lack of fatherly role models, poor parental-child relationships and negative peer group influence as dominant causes of juvenile infractions. The implication is that broken and stressed families are highly likely to be the breeding grounds for juvenile delinquency. The survey evidence indicates that stealing, truancy or absenteeism from school, rowdy or unruly behavior at school, free-riding in public transportation, damaging the book of fellow students and beating other young persons are the most common forms of juvenile offenses. It is therefore, recommended that parents and guardians should exercise proper parental supervision and give adequate care to transmit positive societal values to children. In addition, the government, the police, prosecution and courts, non-government organizations, parents, teachers, religious leaders, education administrators and other stakeholders should develop a child justice system that strives to prevent children from entering deeper into the criminal justice process.

Keywords: Asmara, children, crime, Eritrea, juvenile delinquency, Sub-Saharan Africa, youth

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