Mohammedsani Zakir, Melaku Addisu and KassayeTolessa
Jimma Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box: 192; Fax: +251471111999; Jimma, Ethiopia
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Head Office; P.O. Box: 2003; Addis Abeba, Ethiopia
Accepted 11 February 2021
Citation: Mohammedsani Z, Melaku A and KassayeT (2021). Multivariate Analysis of Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) Clones on Morphological Traits in Southwestern Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 8(2): 1080-1087.
Copyright: © 2021: Mohammedsani et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
Information on genetic variability for biochemical characters is a prerequisite for improvement of tea quality. Thirteen introduced tea clones characterized with objective; assessing tea clones based on morphological characters at Melko and Gera research stations. The study was conducted during 2017/18 cropping season on experimental plots in RCBD with three replications. Data recorded on morphological traits like days from pruning to harvest, height to first branch, stem diameter, leaf serration density, leaf length, leaf width, leaf size, petiole length, leaf ratio, internode length, shoot length, number of shoot, canopy diameter, hundred shoot weight, fresh leaf yield per tree. Cluster analysis of morphological trait grouped into four clusters indicated, the existence of divergence among the tested clones. The maximum inter-cluster distance was between clusters I and IV (35.27) while the minimum inter cluster distance was observed between clusters I and II (7.8).Principal components analysis showed that the first five principal components with eigenvalues greater than one accounted 86.45% for 15 morphological traits. Generally, the study indicated presence of variability for several morphological traits. However, high morphological variation between clones is not a guarantee for a high genetic variation; therefore, molecular studies need to be considered as complementary to biochemical studies.
Keywords: cluster, divergence, eigenvalue, morphological, principal, yield, tea