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Global Journal of Management and Business

Gender differences in perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace

Fapohunda Tinuke Moradeke

Department of Industrial Relations and Personnel Management, Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria 

Accepted 10 October, 2014.

Citation: Fapohunda TM (2014). Gender differences in perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace. Global Journal of Management and Business, 1(2): 036-044.

Copyright: © 2014 Fapohunda TM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

This paper examined gender differences in the perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace. Sexual harassment has negative effects and is an obstacle to proper integration of women into the labour market. Gender was found to significantly correlate with experiences of sexual harassment, delineation of sexual harassment and the reactions and options adopted in handling it. There were disparities on the possible consequences of sexual harassment. Sexual harassment in the workplace results in an uncomfortable, hostile, offensive or intimidating work environment, which affects employee work morale and work performance. It also reduces job satisfaction and productivity but increases turnover, absenteeism and health challenges.

Sexual harassment may never be totally removed in the workplace but all stakeholders stand to benefit from its reduced occurrences and the solutions to the challenge are not simple. However, employers can curb sexual harassment by establishing on boarding training as part of their initial orientation especially as it pertains to women in the work force, to affirm that sexual harassment is unacceptable. They can also issue tough policies opposed to it, educate employees on the subject; institute formal complaint procedures to address allegations of sexual harassments; and build cultures that disallow sexual harassment.

Key words: Gender, differences, perceptions, experiences, sexual, harassment, workplace