Accessibility and utilization of ICT facilities by extension agents and farmers in the Northern region of Ghana

1*Gumah Salifu, Obeng Francis2,  Mustapha Mas-ud1

1Department of Agriculture Engineering, Tamale Polytechnic, Ghana.

2Department of Agricultural Extension, Rural Development and Gender Studies, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana.

Co-author(s): mustaphamansoda@yahoo.com1, francisobeng@yahoo.com2

Accepted 11 April, 2016

Citation: Salifu G, Francis O, Mas-ud M (2016). Accessibility and utilization of ICT facilities by extension agents and farmers in the Northern region of Ghana. International Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 2(1): 017-025.


Copyright: © 2016 Salifu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


This study principally assessed the availability, accessibility and utilization of ICT facilities by Extension Agents and Farmers in the Northern Region of Ghana. A sample size of 180 respondents consisting of ninety (90) Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) and ninety (90) farmers were interviewed and the results analyzed. Simple random and stratified sampling techniques were used in selecting respondents. The data were analyzed using appropriate descriptive statistics. The results of the study revealed that phone and radio were the most available, accessible and commonly used ICTs by AEAs and farmers for extension service delivery in the Northern Region of Ghana.  The result of the study also indicated a direct relationship between the level of education of AEAs and the use of ICTs in providing extension service to farmers. This relationship calls for the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) to put into action its existing ICT policy which includes training of AEAs in the use of ICTs. The study recommended that AEAs should be given phone card units to ensure its effective utilization.

Keywords: ICT, farmers, extension agents, utilization, accessibility.