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Fekede Gemechu Tolera
Gosa Alemu
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Gosa Alemu
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International Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension

Participatory Demonstration of Improved Teff Variety in Habro and Oda Bultum Districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional National State, Ethiopia

Fekede Gemechu* and Gosa Alemu

Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research Center, P.O.Box 19, Mechara, Ethiopia.

Accepted 08 July, 2016.

Citation: Gemechu F, Alemu G (2016). Participatory Demonstration of Improved Teff Variety in Habro and Oda Bultum Districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia Regional National State. International Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 2(2): 044-047.

 

Copyright: © 2016 Gemechu and Alemu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Teff (Eragrostis tef) is one of the major crops grown for food and market purpose in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was conducted during the 2013 cropping season at Habro and Oda Bultum districts of West Hararghe Zone with objectives of evaluating the performance of Kuncho teff variety with farmer’s participation. A total of six farmers; three from each district were used for demonstration. Single plot with 10mx10m size was used on each farmer’s field. Yield of each variety was collected from each farmer and analyzed by using paired sample t-test and descriptive statistics. Similarly, farmer’s preferences were collected and analyzed by using simple rank analysis. The analysis of paired t-test revealed there is significant difference (p<0.005) in grain yield between the varieties. In addition, improved variety (kuncho) showed percentage increase by 50% in grain yield over local check under similar management. On the other hand, the rank analysis indicated that kuncho teff was highly preferred by farmers in terms of high biomass, resistance to lodging, tolerant to drought and very white seed color than the local. Therefore, this variety was recommended in west Hararghe zone and similar agro ecological conditions to improve teff productivity under smallholder farmers.

Key Words: Improved Variety, Kuncho Variety, Local check, Habro and Oda Bultum district