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R.M. Wambura
E.K. Batamuzi
D.M. Gabagambi
E.D. Karimuribo
Abel Leonard*
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E.K. Batamuzi
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E.D. Karimuribo
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International Journal of Agricultural Marketing

A milk marketing system for pastoralists of Kilosa district in Tanzania: market access, opportunities and prospects

Abel Leonard1*, D.M. Gabagambi1, E. K. Batamuzi2, E.D. Karimuribo2, R.M. Wambura3

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3007 Morogoro, Tanzania.

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3015 Morogoro, Tanzania.

3Institute of Continuing Education, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3044 Morogoro, Tanzania.

Accepted 17 December, 2015.

Citation: Leonard A, Gabagambi DM, Batamuzi EK, Karimuribo ED, Wambura RM (2016). A milk marketing system for pastoralists of Kilosa district in Tanzania: market access, opportunities and prospects. International Journal of Agricultural Marketing, 3(1): 090-096.

Copyright: © 2016 Leonard et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Despite a large diversity of livestock species in Tanzania, most livestock keepers are not commercial oriented. However, this paper analyzed commercial settings particularly the efficiency of a pastoral milk marketing system in Kilosa District and identifies strategies to improve milk marketing. A cross-sectional research design was employed to collect data using interview schedule, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Marketing margins, descriptive statistics and Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) model were used as analytical tools. The findings show that pastoral milk marketing is not efficient but profitable. This signifies potential for increasing income for pastoralist if milk efficiency was improved. Net profit margins realized per liter were TZS 332.00(1 USD = TZS 1800.00), TZS 65.00 and TZS 141.00 by producers, small scale milk vendors and retailers, respectively. The market information flow was not transparent. The pastoral system had no defined standards, grades, or product differentiation in packaging thus signaling market inefficiency. Commercialization focusing on promotion of pastoral milk marketing, through introduction of community based extension services and village community banks, empowerment of small and medium scale processors, training on proper milking and milk handling need to be considered in the future intervention strategies.

Key words: Marketing chains, profit margins, pastoralists, Kilosa district.