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International Journal of Ecology and Development Research
Causes and possible solutions of seasonal food insecurity (Monga) perceived by char dwellers in Bangladesh
Nazirul Islam Sarker*
*Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: +8801816739039
Accepted 17 February, 2016.
Citation: Sarker MNI (2016). Causes and possible solutions of seasonal food insecurity (Monga) perceived by char dwellers in Bangladesh. International Journal of Ecology and Development Research, 1(1): 002-009.
Copyright: © 2016 Sarker MNI. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
The study was carried out in Guabari and Hasilkandi village of Saghata upazila and dewlabari char and Khatamari char village of Fulcchari upazila under Gaibandha district to determine the causes of seasonal food insecurity (Monga) of char dwellers. The study was aimed to ascertain the probable ways for alleviating seasonal food insecurity (Monga) faced by the char dwellers in Bangladesh. One hundred char dwellers were selected randomly of which 25 from each village. Data were collected during January-March, 2015 through interview schedule. Among the 39 causes of seasonal food insecurity (Monga) Lack of job opportunity in Monga season especially September to December in every year, river bank erosion in the char area, frequent flood inundation, no agricultural work, no business activities due to excessive rainfall, dense fogs, hailstorms, severe cold, etc are the main causes of seasonal food insecurity (Monga). Among 31 possible ways of achieving seasonal food security, Creation of year round job opportunities for char dwellers, diversified crop cultivation practices should be introduced, a huge arable land should be brought under cultivation by proper soil management, educational facilities etc came out as the main ways. The study will help policy makers and NGOs to address and analyze the issues for achieving seasonal food security of char dwellers.
Key words: Monga, food security, seasonal food insecurity, poverty, char dwellers, Bangladesh.