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Daniel Buor
Irenius Konkor
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Irenius Konkor
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International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning

Shifting livelihood: Exploring the relationship between the presence of University for Development Studies (UDS) and livelihood diversification in Bamahu, Ghana

Daniel Buor* and Irenius Konkor

Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Accepted 24 June, 2017.

Citation: Buor D, Konkor I (2016). Shifting livelihood: Exploring the relationship between the presence of University for Development Studies (UDS) and livelihood diversification in Bamahu, Ghana. International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 3(1): 027-042.

Copyright: © 2016 Buor and Konkor. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Due to formal education potentials for development, African governments usually site tertiary institutions in agrarian communities without taking recourse to their effects on the livelihood activities of people living in such communities. The study explored the relationship between the presence of University for Development Studies (UDS) and livelihood diversification of people in Bamahu in the Upper West Region of Ghana. A sample of 130 was drawn from a community of 2498 using purposive and snowball samplings techniques. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 was used to analyze quantitative data. Interviews, focus group discussions and observations were instruments used to collect qualitative data which was analyzed thematically whiles questionnaire design was used to collect quantitative data. It was found that the economy had been transformed to a more monetized economy. Livelihood activities patronized as a result of the establishment of UDS include small-scale business, porterage, security services and hostel management. Income earnings of respondents had also improved over the years. Many problems including loss of farmlands by the community have been encountered. Entrepreneurial training and interest free loans are recommended to help ease diversification.

Keywords: Livelihood, Entrepreneur, UDS, diversification, loan