Factors of climate extremes hyperactivity: a study on MENA

Nasser Karami

Department of Geography, University of Bergen, Norway.

Fosswinckelsgt. 6 - 5020 Bergen Room:  724. Postal Address: Postboks 7802  - 5020 Bergen

Tel.:  +47 45468582   Fax:   +47 55 58 3665, Email: nasser.karami@uib.no

Accepted May 23, 2016.

Citation: Karami N (2016). Factors of climate extremes hyperactivity: A study on MENA. International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 2(1): 011-026.

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Copyright: © 2016 Karami N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

It is hard to say that all climate events are entirely related to global warming. In this regard, models usually used for global warming predictions are not appropriate for some of climate trends. For instance, prolonged drought in MENA region could not be analyses by global warming predictions. It seems the climate condition in this region is better understood by using the new concept “climate hyperactivity” rather than using the usual global warming predictions. Drought in MENA region is different with other precipitation and temperature rates throughout the world. On one hand, MENA drought is not nonlinear and is not a sudden climate change. On the other hand, there is no sign of reversibility or temporality of climate change in MENA; therefore it is not a macro-climate change either. In fact, MENA drought is a type of hyperactivity of normal behavior of climate factors which leads to a new normal climate in the region. According to Paleo-climate studies, in previous millennia, some kinds of similar climate hyperactivity has led the region to a drier and hotter climate. Rather than focusing on epistemology of climate change, this article compares MENA’s drought with the dominant paradigm of climate change which is concentrated on global warming and greenhouse effect. According to climate factors, the region’s climate change is more effected by natural and climate factors than greenhouse effects.

Keywords: Climate Hyperactivity, MENA drought, prolonged drought, climate change, Middle East, Khuzestan