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Desy Nuryunarsih
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International Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants

Counterfeit Herbal Medicine adulterated with chemical drugs in Indonesia: NADFC Public warning 2011-2014

Desy Nuryunarsih

College of Human Medicine, Division Public Health, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

Correspondent address: Bima Citra 18 no 6, Bekasi, Indonesia. Tel.; +6285781989697.

E-mail: nuryunar@msu.edu.

Accepted 22 July, 2016.

Citation: Nuryunarsih D (2016). Counterfeit Herbal Medicine adulterated with chemical drugs in Indonesia: NADFC Public warning 2011-2014. International Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 1(1): 002-017.

Copyright: © 2016 Nuryunarsih D. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Herbal medicine is widely used in Indonesia. Thus, counterfeit herbal medicines are a great concern given the negative impact to individual and population health. This paper used data drawn from the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (NADFC/BPOM)of Indonesia to describe the counterfeit trend against registered herbal drugs from 2011 to 2014, and further analyses were performed to discover the types of the fraud, the impact to the health and conventional drugs that could be used as substitutes for herbal drugs. The research found that the amount of falsified medicines is increasing along with the increasing number of registered herbal drugs. From the data obtained, similar falsified herbal drugs were identified for both life style drugs (51%) and health-related condition drugs (49%). In addition, almost all falsified herbal drugs are adulterations plus tampering (81%). The most significant substitute chemical drug is paracetamol.

Keywords: Counterfeit, herbal medicines, public health, chemical drugs, adulterants.