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International Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research
Effectiveness of staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private Universities: Returnee lecturers’ perspective
Accepted 10 November, 2014.
Citation: Mapolisa T (2014). Effectiveness of staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private Universities: Returnee lecturers’ perspective. International Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research 1(1): 008-020.
Copyright: © 2014 Mapolisa T. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
This paper critiqued the effectiveness of staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private universities from the Returnee Lecturers’ perspective. It employed criterion sampling to select the participants. Open-ended interview method was used to gather data. Data analysis was done using NVivo. The study established that given the current macro-economic environment obtaining in Zimbabwe, both monetary and non-monetary strategies complement each other in retaining staff in the studied universities, although non-monetary strategies tend to be more effective in the long run. The effectiveness of particular staff retention strategies such as salaries, allowances, tuition waiver, and provision of accommodation, staff development and research and career development opportunities, and provision of adequate and appropriate resources were found to be of varying degrees in public and private universities. It concluded that the effectiveness of monetary and non-monetary strategies to retain staff in both sets of the universities is circumstantial. Another study’s conclusion was that the effectiveness of staff retention strategies in the universities is negatively impacted on by lack of knowledge and information about staff retention. The study recommended that universities should increase opportunities for career growth, staff development, research and post-doctoral research fellowships to recognise, motivate and retain lecturers.
Key Words: Effectiveness, university, public university, private university, staff, staff retention, staff retention strategies, Returnee Lecturers