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Petro Kabipi Maziku
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International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

Estimating NTBs costs of Maize Production and Marketing for Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania: A Case of Mbozi and Momba Districts in Mbeya region

Petro Maziku

Department of Business Administration, College of Business Education- Dodoma Campus Box.2077, Dodoma, Tanzania

Accepted 8 August 2017

Citation: Maziku P. (2017). Estimating NTBs costs of Maize Production and Marketing for Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania: A Case of Mbozi and Momba Districts in Mbeya region. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 4(2): 261-267.

Copyright: © 2017 Maziku Petro. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

This paper estimated Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) costs of maize production and marketing of smallholder famers in Mbozi and Momba districts of Mbeya region in Tanzania. A cross sectional design survey was used in collecting data from farmers in the two districts using structured questionnaires.  Stratified and simple random sampling procedures were used in selecting a total of 120 smallholder farmers. Descriptive measures were used in summarizing the NTBs costs incurred by farmers. Results indicated that, estimated NTBs costs of farmers in Mbozi district were higher when compared to those in Momba district. It also observed that, farmers in Mbozi district paid a total of TZS. 73/Kg as NTBs costs to reach the Tunduma maize market while farmers in Momba district paid TZS.48/Kg to reach the same maize market. The difference was explained by spatiality being that Momba district is closer to Tunduma market. Based on these results, it can be concluded that, effects of NTBs costs were higher for farmers of Mbozi district than those of Momba district. It recommended that, protective food policy such as weighing bridges and road blocks should be reduced in order to maintain reasonable high prices in rural and low prices in urban deficit areas.

Key words: NTBs Costs, Maize smallholder farmers, Mbozi and Momba districts, Tanzania