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Usman Semman
Tamirat Dinkale
Bedasa Eba
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Tamirat Dinkale
Bedasa Eba
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International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science

Adaptation Trial of Improved Perennial Grass Varieties/Accessions at the Highland of Guji zone, Bore, Ethiopia

Usman Semman, Tamirat Dinkale and Bedasa Eba

Bore Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 21, Bore, Ethiopia

Yabello dry land and Agricultural Research Center. P.O. Box 085, Yabello, Ethiopia

Accepted 18 August 2017

Citation: Semman U, Dinkale T, Eba B. (2017). Adaptation Trial of Improved Perennial Grass Varieties/Accessions at the Highland of Guji zone, Bore, Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science 4(3): 286-290.

Copyright: © 2017 Semman et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

This study was conducted with an objective of adapting, see the yield, quality and recommend improved perennial grass accessions to the highland of Guji Zone, Ethiopia in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three blocks. Accessions were (Phalaris aquatica Sirossa Phalaris aquatica Sirocco, ILCA 14983, ILCA 14984 and variety X (Holeta local). Broadcasting method for Phalaris and 0.5meter between plant and 1meter between row spacing for Napier grass was applied at planting time each plot measuring 4meter x 6meter. Yield parameters were analyzed using statistical analysis software (SAS) and the means of quality parameters were compared with standards. Accordingly, Napier variety X was significant in survival rate, number of shoot, date of first harvest and harvesting frequency at (P<0.05) and highest in crude protein (CP) content. ILCA 14983 were also significant in survival rate and number of shoot and has highest in vitro dry matter digestibility (DOMD). Phalaris aquatica Sirossa was significant in green forage yield and has highest in vitro dry matter digestibility (DOMD). Generally, considering most parameters, Variety X and ILCA 14983 from Napier grass, Phalaris aquatica Sirossa from Phalaris were selected and recommended to the area and has to be evaluated under farmers’ conditions.

Key words: forage, Napier, perennial, survival, yield