Cardiovascular Diseases among Agro-Allied Company Workers in Nigeria: A Case Control Study

Richard Dele Agbana*, Ayodeji Akinwande Fasoro, Joseph Sina Owoseni, Ife Charles Claudius Ajewole, Adekunle Olayemi Kunle-Olowu

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti, P.M.B. 5454 Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Ekiti State University P.M.B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria.

Accepted 1 September, 2017.

Citation: Agbana RD, Fasoro AA, Owoseni JS, Ajewole ICC, Kunle-Olowu AO (2017). The Cardiovascular Diseases among Agro-Allied Company Workers in Nigeria: A Case Control Study. International Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology Research, 3(1): 020-027.

\"\"

Copyright: © 2017 Agbana et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Mortality arising from cardiovascular diseases among the workforce in developing countries has been reported to be about twice as high as the mortality in developed countries and tends to occur much earlier than in the developed countries. A nested case-control study design was employed. The mean age of the respondents was 34 ± 9.7 years. The respondents were mostly males (90.6%), 65.1% were married and 83.1% were of the Yoruba ethnicity. Majority of the respondents (67.3%) were Christians and 83.7% had secondary education and above. Age, marital status, salary grade and religion were statistically associated with CVD status (p < 0.05). Being an office worker, earning the lowest income, being less than 50 years of age were significant predictors of CVD risk factors (p<0.05). Educational and behavioural intervention need to be implemented to encourage adoption of healthy lifestyle so as to reduce the cardiovascular risk factors among workers.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Risk factors, Workplace, Association, Nigeria