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Peter Masoko
Salmon Adebayo
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International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy Research

Therapeutic uses of plant species for inflammation-related conditions in Limpopo province of South Africa: a mini-review and current perspectives

Salmon A Adebayo and Peter Masoko*

Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Limpopo, Private Bag X01, Sovenga 0727, Limpopo, South Africa.

Accepted 12 January, 2017

Citation: Adebayo SA, Masoko P (2017). Therapeutic uses of plant species for inflammation-related conditions in Limpopo province of South Africa: a mini-review and current perspectives. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy Research, 1(1): 002-008.

Copyright: © 2017 Adebayo and Masoko. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Impaired inflammatory response could result in undesirable effects as seen in chronic diseases such as tuberculosis (TB) and cancer. This study was based on an ethno-botanical survey of 6literature citations of medicinal plants used to treat inflammation-related conditions in Limpopo province of South Africa. Plant species belonging to the Fabaceae family are mostly used for these purposes, representing 16.1% of the recorded plants species. The root was the preferred plant part (50.9%) used for inflammation-related conditions, followed by the leaves (18.4%), stem bark (16.7%), whole plant (9.6%), the bulbs (3.5%) and the seed (0.9%) consecutively. The same plant species or a different part thereof is sometimes used to treat inflammation caused by different ailments. Traditional medicine continues to play a vital role in meeting the health care needs of people in under-resourced areas such as the Limpopo province. However, a curious finding in this review is the dearth of information on the traditional uses and exploitability of Harpagophytum procumbens. Extracts from H. procumbens are well known for their anti-inflammatory activities. Controlled harvesting of H. procumbens could potentially provide the much needed income for the people in the areas of the Limpopo province where this plant species is available.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Limpopo province, inflammation, Fabaceae