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Yaser Y. Issa
Hassan Sawalha
Safa Sultan
Bayan Yaghmour
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Yaser Y. Issa
Hassan Sawalha
Safa Sultan
Bayan Yaghmour
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International Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health

Classification and evaluation of pesticides used in Palestine based on their severity on health and environment

Yaser Issa, Hassan Sawalha, Safa Sultan, Bayan Yaghmour

Department of Environmental Health, North Hebron Public Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Palestine.

Al-Manar Center For Researches and Public Surveys, Hebron-West Bank, Palestine.

Department of Environmental Technology Engineering, Palestine Polytechnic University, Palestine.

Accepted 31 July 2017.

Citation: Issa Y, Sawalha H, Sultan S, Yaghmour B (2017). Classification and evaluation of pesticides used in Palestine based on their severity on health and environment. International Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 21(1): 01502-02614.

Copyright: © 2017 Issa et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Use of pesticides is still considered as a major way to protect and increase crop yields in the less developed countries, particularly. Palestine is one of the countries in which agricultural production relies on pesticides. Different studies showed that usage of pesticides in Palestine should be more managed and regulated based on their types, toxicities and persistence in environmental components. This study aims to classify and evaluate pesticides used in Palestine - by studying types used during the period of (2012 – 2015) - based on their severity on environment and health. Data about pesticides including types and annual consumption was obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture. Consumption annual variations were noticed, with highest consumption in 2012. The general trend indicated that herbicides contributed half of the average total consumption, whereas tenth of the used pesticides are classified as extremely and highly hazardous chemicals. In addition, two thirds are found to be persistent compounds in soil and three quarters of the types are persistent in water. Further analytical researches on pesticides residues are needed, which will assist policy makers to reformulate the current pesticides' management and controlling system.

Keywords: Pesticides, agrochemicals, toxicity of pesticides, pesticides’ persistence, Palestine, classification of pesticides.