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Arul Pamila Stalin
S. Karpagam
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S. Karpagam
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International Research Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Effect of environmental pollution on the quality of an edible plant Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb

U. Arul Pamila* and S. Karpagam

Accepted 25 April, 2017.

Citation: Pamila UA, Karpagam S (2017). Effect of environmental pollution on the quality of an edible plant Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. International Research Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4(1): 061-067.

 

Copyright: © 2017 Pamila and Karpagam. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

The present study is the comparative analysis of phytochemical constituents and microbial load of an edible plant Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb collected from unpolluted and polluted site.  Preliminary phytochemical analysis was performed with acetone, aqueous, chloroform, ethanol and petroleum ether extracts (unpolluted and polluted site) of A philoxeroides that showed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, saponins, phenols, flavonoids, aminoacids, diterpenes, tannin, terpenoids, protein, steroid, oxalate, coumarin and quinones.  The ethanol extract showed higher number of phytochemical constituents when compared to the other extract of unpolluted site.  The microbial load is also enumerated in the unpolluted and polluted site.  In conclusion, phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of many phytoconstituents in ethanol extract and the microbial load is less in the unpolluted site when compared to the polluted site.

Keywords: Alternanthera philoxeroides, phytochemical constituents, microbial load.