Determination of Heavy Metals in Boreholes, Hand Dug Wells and Surface Water in some Selected Areas of Mubi North Local Government Area Adamawa State, Nigeria.

Allen Abu Dusa, Nachana’a Timothy, Samuel T. Magili, Shehu Tukur

Department of Agricultural and Bioenvironmental Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria

Adamawa State University Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Department of Chemistry, Adamawa State University Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Adamawa State College of Health Technology Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

Accepted 3 August, 2017

Citation: Dusa AA, Nachana’a T, Magili ST, Tukur S (2017). Determination of Heavy Metals in Boreholes, Hand Dug Wells and Surface Water in some Selected Areas of Mubi North Local Government Area Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Sciences, 4(1): 075-081.

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Copyright: © 2017 Dusa et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Drinking water Quality is one of the most important concerns. The heavy metals level up to ppb levels in drinking water quality may cause severe health problems.  In this study attempt was made to determine the concentrations of eight heavy metals in water samples taken in August 2016   from boreholes, hand dug wells and streams in some selected areas of Mubi North local government Adamawa state. These samples were subjected to analysis for eight elements (Zn, Fe, Ca, Na, Mg, Mn, Pb and Cd using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The concentrations of these metals in the study areas were compared with drinking water quality limits given by the World Health Organization (WHO). Na, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn and Ca concentrations were found to range from 4.80-5.0, 0.06-2.6, 0.03-3.05, 0.04-0.80, 0.02-0.17, 20.49-35.6Mg/L respectively. The concentrations of Na, Mg, Ca, and Zn found in this study were lower than the permissible limit of WHO. While that of Fe in water sample from stream were found to be higher as compared with the WHO standard. Similarly the concentration of Mn in stream and borehole water samples were also higher.Cd and Pb were not detected in all the samples.

Key Words:  Water, Heavy metals, Determination, Mubi, Adamawa, Nigeria.