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International Research Journal of Teacher Education

Staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private universities: Returnee lecturers’ perspective

Tichaona Mapolisa                                                                                                                   

Accepted 15 October, 2014. 

Citation: Mapolisa T (2015). Staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private Universities: Returnee lecturers’ perspective. International Research Journal of Teacher Education, 2(1): 016-029.

Copyright: © 2015. Mapolisa T. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited. 

Abstract

The multiple-case study compared staff retention strategies in Zimbabwe’s public and private universities from the point of view of criterion sampled four public and three private universities’ Returnee Lecturers, respectively. In terms of similarities, the study found out that public and private universities had monetary and non-monetary staff retention strategies. It also observed that both public and private universities were found to have some conditions of service which served as part of retention strategies in those universities. With respect to differences, the study observed that public universities tended to offer better conditions of service in terms of salaries and bonuses, even though both conditions of service lag behind what international universities offer.  The study concluded that staff retention strategies in public and private universities tended to differ on paper and implementation approach, but in practice they tended to yield similar results. Also, public universities tended to offer more allowances than private universities because of the support they receive from the government. Private and public universities need to have knowledge of what other local, regional and international competitors offer in terms of staff retention strategies through salary surveys and benchmark to effectively retain their staff.

Key Words: Staff, staff retention, staff retention strategy, university, public university, private university