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Ismail Abbas
Jinane K. Chaaban
Abdel-Rahman Al-Rabaa
Ali A. Shaar
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Ismail Abbas
Jinane K. Chaaban
Abdel-Rahman Al-Rabaa
Ali A. Shaar
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Journal of Environment and Waste Management

Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations

Ismail I. Abbas, Jinane K. Chaaban, Abdel-Rahman Al-Rabaa, Ali A. Shaar

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Section I, Lebanese University, Hadat, Beirut, Lebanon.

Lebanese Civil Aviation Authority and Beirut Arab University, Faculty of Science, Beirut, Lebanon.

Accepted 01 October, 2017

Citation: Abbas II, Chaaban JK, Al-Rabaa AR, Shaar AA (2017) Solid Waste Management in Lebanon: Challenges and Recommendations. Journal of Environment and Waste Management 4(3): 235-243.

Copyright: © 2017 Abbas et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Successful waste management plans require accurate data about the nature and composition of waste. Despite the high content of organic (52%) and recyclable (37 %) materials in waste stream, only 8% and 15% of solid waste are recycled and composted respectively. Unfortunately, 48% of the waste are disposed in sanitary landfills. Dumping of waste and open burning is predominant outside Beirut and Mount Lebanon. Adequate treatment is unavailable for wastes produced by slaughterhouses, industrial premises and healthcare centers. Corruption, lack of human resources and suitable facilities and inadequate technical skills are responsible for inefficient municipal solid waste management. This paper aims at determining the current practices of municipalities in terms of segregation, collection, treatment and final disposal of solid waste. It also considers key policy challenges and recommendations for improving the municipal solid waste management system.

Key Words: Solid Waste Management, Recycling, Composting, Incineration, Landfill.