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Emmanuel Awusi
Sampson Kyei
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Sampson Kyei
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Journal of Environment and Waste Management

Environmental effects and waste management practices of materials for local food packaging in the Birim Central Municipal, Ghana

Emmanuel Awusi and Sampson Kyei

Department of Environmental Science, Garden City University College, Kumasi, Ghana.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana.

Accepted 15 September, 2017

Citation: Awusi E and Kyei S (2017) Environmental effects and waste management practices of materials for local food packaging in the Birim Central Municipal, Ghana. Journal of Environment and Waste Management 4(3): 244-252.

Copyright: © 2017 Awusi and Kyei. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Food packaging materials serve as a means of protecting, distributing and marketing foods. When the wastes from these packaging materials are not properly managed, they affect the environment in several ways. This study was conducted to assess the different materials for packaging local foods, their environmental effects, and the management of the waste from these packaging materials in the Birim Central Municipality, Ghana. Data were collected using a semi- structured questionnaire administered to 300 randomly selected respondents. Data collection was complemented with field observation at public places and analyzed using SPSS version 16 software package. Results showed that about 9 out of 10 (88%) of the respondents used plastics for packaging local foods. A large percentage (85%) of the respondents did not practice source separation of the packaging waste prior to disposal. More than half (53.7%) of the respondents dumped the waste into communal waste containers, about one-third (33.3%) burnt the waste, and few (13.0%) buried the waste in the soil. Most of the respondents, 9 out of 10 (95%) reduced waste generation, 41.2% of the respondents reused plastic packaging materials to repackage other food and non-food items, and 32% sent the waste to recycling companies. Plastics packaging waste deteriorated the natural beauty of the environment and blocked sewage drains.

Key words: Local food, packaging material, environmental effects, waste management