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Journal of Environment and Waste Management
Challenges of solid waste management in Zimbabwe: a case study of Sakubva high density suburb
Mafume Pascaline Nyarai, Zendera Willard, Mutetwa Moses* and Musimbo Ngenzile
Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Africa University, Box 1320, Old Mutare, Zimbabwe
Department of Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Africa University, Box 1320, Old Mutare, Zimbabwe
Alumni, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Africa University, Box 1320, Old Mutare, Zimbabwe
Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Solusi University, Box Solusi, Bulawayo
Accepted 19 July, 2016.
Citation: Mafume PN, Zendera W, Mutetwa M, Musimbo N (2016). Challenges of solid waste management in Zimbabwe: a case study of Sakubva high density suburb. Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 3(2): 142-155.
Copyright: © 2016 Mutetwa et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
The objectives of the study were to assess the current status on household solid waste management challenges of collection and disposal. The research employed both quantitative (in form of questionnaires) and qualitative (in form of interviews) methodologies. Field visits and observations were done on residential areas and open dumpsites. The research found that there are lots of challenges that are faced by residents and these range from collection, methods of disposal and the involvement of other key stakeholders. The results revealed that the challenges in poor refuse collection were attributed to serious shortage of refuse equipment, and shortage of proper receptacles. Recycling strategies seemed to be nonexistent as revealed by low percentages of residents who practice it. Since council does not collect waste as often as it should, residents dispose waste through the traditional and unsustainable ways such as backyard incinerator, burying, burning and illegal open dumps. With rapid urbanization, the situation is becoming critical. It was recommended that councils should extend coverage to all areas, increase their refuse collection frequency, provide receptacles to residents and raise awareness campaigns on recycling and sustainable solid waste disposal. There is need for involvement by private sector and NGOs in solid waste management.
Keywords: Solid waste management, recycling, disposal, refuse equipment