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Ali Mohammed
Elias Eyasu
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Elias Eyasu
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Journal of Environment and Waste Management

Domestic solid waste management and its environmental impacts in Addis Ababa city

Ali Mohammed* and Eyasu Elias

Center for Environmental Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Accepted 19 February, 2017.

Citation: Mohammed A, Eyasu E (2017). Domestic solid waste management and its environmental impacts in Addis Ababa city. Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 4(1): 194-203.

Copyright: © 2017 Mohammed and Eyasu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


Domestic solid waste is becoming a threat to Addis Ababa city’s environment, as only 65% of the waste produced per day is collected and disposed, 5% is recycled, 5% is composted and the remaining 25% is uncollected and dumped in unauthorized areas. Since domestic waste dominate the municipality’s waste category, its management and associated environmental impacts is worthy of attention. This review aimed to examine the composition and impacts of domestic solid waste and evaluate the existing waste management practices through field visit, discussion and review of literature. The solid waste generation rate of the city is about 0.45 kg/capita/day. Waste collectors participate in the waste management by receiving service charge from residential areas equaling 20% of the cost of their water consumption. The city is still dependent on ‘Reppi/Koshe’ dumping site that receives over 750 tons of solid waste per day. Inadequate domestic solid waste management creates a range of environmental problems. Although the management strategy of the city is improving still it couldn’t address the demand side. Segregation, treatment, proper disposal, policy and law enforcement and capacity building are potential areas of improvement through research interventions.


Key words: domestic solid waste, solid waste composition, solid waste collectors, solid waste impact, waste management.