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Hailu Terefe*
Bikila Warkineh
Temesgen Gashaw
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Hailu Terefe*
Bikila Warkineh
Temesgen Gashaw
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Journal of Environment and Waste Management

Evolution of waste management strategies in industries: from passive to proactive

Hailu Terefe*, Temesgen Gashaw and Bikila Warkineh

*Center for Environmental Science, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

Accepted 10 August, 2015.

Citation: Terefe H, Gashaw T, Workineh B (2015). Evolution of waste management strategies in industries: from passive to proactive. Journal of Environment and Waste Management 2(3): 084-090.

Copyright: © 2015 Terefe et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


This paper is a review of various articles and documents on development of waste management approaches in industries. It provides information on advancement of waste management approaches as human awareness to environment increases and demonstrates the benefits of proactive waste management measures in industries. Most polluting industries in the world were established by the time the earth had the capacity to provide raw materials and absorb wastes. However, with increasing industrialization and urbanization virgin raw materials seriously declined and waste loads dramatically increased. As a result waste management strategies progressively evolved. In 1960s waste avoidance measures through foul and flee, dilute and disperse, concentrate and contain; in 1970s purification units at the end of emission pipes; in 1980s resource recovery through recycling and energy saving strategies were used as solutions to the problem of wastes on the environment. Furthermore, from 1990s onwards proactive measures by Cleaner Production technologies focusing on the source of waste generation to reduce, reuse and recycle wastes into valuable resources became the best solution for sustainable management of wastes and to enhance the performance of industries. Cleaner production technologies assured marvelous evidences for sustainable development by allowing industries to produce more efficiently and gain incredible economic, environmental and social benefits with less input utilization and less environmental impacts.

Keywords: Cleaner production, environment, industries, waste and pollution, waste management