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Thomas Narh Korley
Joseph Richmond Fianko
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Joseph Richmond Fianko
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Journal of Environment and Waste Management

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HOUSEHOLDS: A case of Sekondi-Takoradi, Ghana

Thomas Narh Korley and Joseph Richmond Fianko

Zoomlion Foundation, PMB 177 Madina, Accra, Ghana.

Graduate School of Nuclear and Allied Sciences, PMB Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Accepted 13 September, 2017

Citation: Korley TN and Fianko JR (2017) HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A case of Sekondi - Takoradi, Ghana. Journal of Environment and Waste Management 4(3): 224-234.

Copyright: © 2017 Korley and Fianko. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Population and waste generation is increasing exponentially in the city of Sekondi-Takoradi. The city is growing at a rate of 3.2%. A recent oil industry, booming economic activities and rural-urban drift has increased demand for housing and waste infrastructure. The resulting waste from households outstrips waste bins and collection trucks. Wastes overflows at various collection points within the metropolis. The type of waste disposed indicates that residents now consuming various sorts of packaged food items compared to the previous habits of cooking raw vegetables. The complexity of waste is becoming difficult for the existing systems to accommodate. It is seen that households rely heavily on communal collection bins to dispose their waste. More than 36% of all collection is done with communal bins, which is less efficient compared to kerbside systems. The waste is usually abrasive, with a lot of sand, silt and gravel which wears sliding parts of compaction vehicles and machines. This discourages investors from deploying kerbside compaction trucks for waste collection. The results of this research highlights several instances of uncollected waste, overflowing of bins and unsightly conditions which are threats to public health of the people of the metropolis.

Keywords: Solid waste management, Household waste, Waste recovery, Recycling, Ghana, Accra, Sekondi–Takoradi, Landfills, Plastic waste, Waste segregation.