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Hasneen Jahan
M. Serajul Islam
A. K. M. Abdullah Al-Amin
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Hasneen Jahan
M. Serajul Islam
A. K. M. Abdullah Al-Amin
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Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research

Fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Bangladesh: an overview of the present status, challenges and future potential

M. Serajul Islam, Hasneen Jahan*, A. K. M. Abdullah Al-Amin

Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Accepted 22 August, 2016.

Citation: Islam MS, Jahan H, Al-Amin AKMA (2016). Fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Bangladesh: an overview of the present status, challenges and future potential. Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, 1(1): 002-009.

Copyright: © 2016 Jahan et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Fisheries sector in Bangladesh represents as one of the most productive and dynamic sectors in the country. This sector plays a significant role in food security, employment, and foreign exchange earnings in the economy. At present agricultural transformation is taking place in Bangladesh. With the changes of farming system, farmers have started to shift their crop land to aquaculture as they considered it more profitable compared to rice production. The production of inland fisheries represents an increasing trend since 1989-90 with a growth rate of around 5-7%. Similarly, marine fisheries have also shown an increasing trend while a fluctuated growth rate has emerged in this sub sector. The fisheries sector in the 21st century is facing the challenges of food security for the increasing population, habitat degradation, urbanization, and industrial development. Development of responsible fisheries management and optimal use of water bodies can address those challenges. Since fishery is a productive growth sector in Bangladesh, it has high potential to contribute in the socioeconomic development of the country.

Key words: Fisheries sector, production, export trend, overview, Bangladesh.