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Robinson Cyprian Unigwe
Moshood Ademola Raji
Olurotimi John Ajayi
Moshood Abiola Popoola
Adeola Fatima Balogun
Olayinka Femi Adekunle
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Robinson Cyprian Unigwe
Moshood Ademola Raji
Olurotimi John Ajayi
Moshood Abiola Popoola
Adeola Fatima Balogun
Olayinka Femi Adekunle
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Journal of Plant and Animal Sciences

Carcass, Organ Weights and Histo-morphology of Internal Organs of Sows Fed Fermented and Enzyme-Supplemented Cassava Peels Meal (CPM) Based Diets

Unigwe, Cyprian Robinson, Raji, Ademola Moshood, Ajayi, John Olurotimi, Popoola, Abiola Moshood,  Balogun, Fatima Adeola and  Adekunle, Femi Olayinka

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Accepted 25 July 2017

Citation: Unigwe CR, Raji AM, Ajayi JO, Popoola AM,  Balogun FA, Adekunle FO (2017). Carcass, Organ Weights and Histo-morphology of Internal Organs of Sows Fed Fermented and Enzyme-Supplemented Cassava Peels Meal (Cpm) Based Diets. Journal of Plant and Animal Sciences, 2(1): 026-036.

Copyright: © 2017. Unigwe et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Fresh cassava peels were subjected to submerged fermentation, sundried for 3-5 days and also subjected to proximate analysis. Fermentation reduced cyanide and improved crude protein. A group of 27 weaner gilts (Largewhite x Duroc), aged 8-9 weeks and weighed 10.61±0.27kg were fed fermented cassava-peels-based-diets. They were allotted to three treatments comprising T1 (control), T2 (fermented CPM) and T3 (fermented CPM + enzyme) in a completely randomized design and fed for 22 weeks. Data on carcass and some visceral organs weights were subjected to analysis of variance and means separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. Histo-morphology on the organs was conducted. The dressing percentages were 66.53, 60.25 and 64.11% for T1, T2 and T3 respectively whereas the head, heart, lungs and kidney were the weightiest for T1, the stomach/intestine for T2 and the liver and spleen for T3 while the histo-morphology of T1 sows were all normal except for mild architectural deviation in the duodenum and ileum. Histo-morphological changes were observed in the ileum and duodenum of T2 and T3. It is therefore recommended that fermented peels be supplemented with enzyme for improvement in dressing percentage and watch-out for pathological lesions in the visceral organs.

Keywords: Sows, carcass, visceral organs, histo-morphology, fermented cassava peels, maxigrainR enzyme