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Abdulhadi Sale Kumurya
Hamza Sule
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Hamza Sule
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World Journal of Microbiology

The prevalence of Escherichia coli Causing Urinary Tract Infections in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

*Abdulhadi Sale Kumurya and Hamza Sule

 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Accepted 31 May, 2016.

Citation: Kumurya AS, Sule H (2016). The prevalence of Escherichia coli Causing Urinary Tract Infections in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. World Journal of Microbiology, 2(2): 033-037.

Copyright: © 2016 Kumurya and Sule. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

Urinary Tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common causes of hospital visit worldwide. The study intends to find the prevalence of Escherichia coli in Urinary tract infection cases in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano. A comprehensive study was conducted on E coli for its prevalence in urine samples, of queried cases of urinary tract infection in patients attending Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano. Two hundred and fourteen urine specimens comprising of 123(57.5%) females and 91(42.5%) males of all age group were screened for bacteria. Of the 214 samples, 68 representing (31.80%) were culture positive with E.  coli having 32(47.06%), Klebsiella spp 18(26.47%), Staphylococcus spp 10(14.70%), Proteus spp 6(8.82%) and Pseudomonas spp  2(2.94%). Out of the 32(47.6%) of E. coli isolated, 22 were from female and 10 were from males, the highest prevalence occurred within the age range of 21-30 with females taking the lead. Antibiogram of the isolated E. coli showed a markedly good sensitivity of ofloxacin (96.87%), nitrofurantoin and nalidixic acid (93.70%), colistin phosphate (90.62%) and gentamicin (68.75%). E. coli showed the least sensitivity to ampicillin (18.75%). The frequency of E. coli obtained suggests its high prevalence. And this can be reduced using Flouroquinolones as exhibited by the susceptibility profile in this study.

Key words: Prevalence, Urinary Tract Infection, Escherichia coli, AKTH, Kano.