Evaluation of Helminth Infection among Infants in Umunakanu Ama Autonomous Community Imo State Nigeria
Njoku-Obi T.N, Uzoechi A.U, Ohalete C.N, Ekomaru C.I, Nwabueze O.O
Department of Microbiology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
Department of Home Economics, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri, Nigeria
Accepted 21 November 2017
Citation: Njoku-Obi T.N, Uzoechi A.U, Ohalete C.N, Ekomaru C.I, Nwabueze O.O (2017). Evaluation of Helminth Infection among Infants in Umunakanu Ama Autonomous Community Imo State Nigeria. World Journal of Microbiology, 3(2): 128-132.
Copyright: © 2017. Njoku-Obi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.
The prevalence of intestinal helminth infection in Umunakanu Ama autonomous community in Imo State was assayed by macroscopic examination followed by microscopic examination of the stool sample using both direct smear method and saturated sodium chloride floatation technique. Out of 30 samples collected and examined, 20 were positive for intestinal helminth infections. The results showed that the parasitic infestation rates were 76.67%, and the helminthes observed include Enterobius vermicularis (6.67%), Schistosoma interclatum (13.33%), Trichuris trichuria (10.00%), Strongyloides stercoralis (6.67%), Ascaris lumbricoides (16.67%) and Ancylostoma duodenale (23.33%). The 7 – 12-months age group has the highest prevalence rate which increases as the infant grow. The females had the highest prevalence rate (75%) in terms of gender evaluation, infants whose parents/guardian are farmers held the highest prevalence rate (90%). This was a result of constant exposure to soil and close contact to animals like goats, sheep, etc.
Keyword: helminthes, infection, parasitic, prevalence, infestation