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D.M Damiyal
Williams Manggoel
S. Ali
I.M. Mashat
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D.M Damiyal
Williams Manggoel
S. Ali
I.M. Mashat
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World Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Effect of cattle manure and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and yield of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.)

Damiyal D.M*., W. Manggoel, S. Ali, D.Y. Dalokom and I.M. Mashat

Agricultural Technology Department, Plateau State College of Agriculture, Garkawa. 2Agronomy Department, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria.

Accepted 12 January, 2017.

Citation: Damiyal DM, Manggoel W, Ali S, Dalokom DY, Mashat IM (2017). Effect of cattle manure and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and yield of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). World Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1): 102-110.

Copyright: © 2017 Damiyal et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.


The high cost of inorganic fertilizer and continuous decline in soil fertility results to low crop yield hence, the need to supplement mineral fertilizer with organic manure. Field experiments were conducted in 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons at the Teaching and Research Farm, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Gubi, Bauchi State, Nigeria, to investigate the effects of different levels of cattle manure, CM, (0, 5 and 10 t/ha) and NPK (0, 200 and 400kg/ha) on the growth, yield and yield components of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). These treatment combinations were replicated three times in a randomized complete block design. CM levels had significant effect (P≤0.05) on number of leaves per plant and plant height. However, NPK levels also had significant effect on many characters in both 2013 and 2014 but lower mean values were recorded in 2013. In 2014, significant interactions were observed in mean number of leaves, plant height, husk weight and yield (t/ha). The highest seed yield (5.65t/ha) was obtained when 5t/ha CM was used, which was statistically similar (5.60t/ha) to 400kg/ha inorganic fertilizer used. The application of 5t/ha CM or 400kg/ha NPK is recommended for improved production of hybrid maize in the study area.

Key words: Cattle manure, hybrid, inorganic fertilizer, maize, NPK, Zea mays.