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Kalkidan Befikadu Fikirie
Ephrem Tesema
Yemiru Tesfaye
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Ephrem Tesema
Yemiru Tesfaye
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World Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Challenges in women-managed small scale irrigation practices: the case of Lume District, Central Rift valley of Ethiopia

Kalkidan Fikirie, Ephrem Tesema and Yemiru Tesfaye

Accepted 18 January, 2017.

Citation: Fikirie et al. (2017). Challenges in Women-managed Small Scale Irrigation Practices: the Case of Lume District, Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. World Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1): 111-119.

Copyright: © 2017 Fikirie et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are cited.

Abstract

This study investigated challenges related to gender and small scale irrigation practice in the study area. Structured questionnaires were used to collect the data from 165 respondents to achieve the set goal. The data collected were analyzed with descriptive statistic and chi-square test. The result shows male headed households have got better training, access to extension service and access to improved seeds than female headed households. In addition, both male headed households and female headed households encountered market problem for different crops produced in irrigation. Furthermore, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) between male headed households and female headed households in fertilizer and chemical application. With regard to cash income generation from small scale irrigation, the study revealed that male headed households were mainly involved in seed production particularly the high value onion seeds while female headed households were widely participate in selling of seedlings. In addition, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) between male headed and female headed households in involvement in cash income generating activities.The study finally suggests that both male headed and female headed households have many problems related to technology and market such as disease and pest identification problem, amount of chemical and fertilizer application etc. Thus, to overcome these problems continuous training and extension services are very essential.

Key words: Descriptive statistics, extension service, gender, small scale irrigation